Tuberculosis In Children

Learn about pediatric tuberculosis and how to protect your children from this global epidemic affecting over 10 million people every year. Find out who is at risk, its underlying cause, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention methods. Also, discover practical home care tips and natural remedies to alleviate symptoms.

Are you aware that tuberculosis is a global epidemic, affecting over 10 million people every year?

TB bacteria is believed to be carried by more than two billion people worldwide, according to the World Health Organization. As parents, it's crucial to understand how we can protect our children from the adverse effects of TB.

This article will address common questions and concerns regarding tuberculosis and provide valuable information for parents.

What Is Pediatric Tuberculosis?

Diseases caused by bacteria are "chronic" infections, such as tuberculosis (TB). The lungs are most commonly infected. Nonetheless, other organs may be impacted, such as the kidneys and spine. Droplets inhaled or coughed into the air are the most common means of transmitting TB. Infected children do not necessarily develop symptoms of active tuberculosis disease.

Stages of TB include:

  • TB infection: bacteria have entered the body but haven't caused any symptoms yet.

  • **Latent TB infection: **bacteria are inactive and don't cause any symptoms.

  • Active TB disease: bacteria become active and cause symptoms.

Who Is At Risk Of Contracting Tuberculosis?

  • Children who have been in contact with someone with active tuberculosis.

  • Children with weakened immune systems.

  • Children who live in crowded or unsanitary conditions.

  • Children who live in areas with high rates of tuberculosis.

What Is TB's Underlying Cause?

Tuberculosis is caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, a bacterium that spreads through the air when an infected person coughs, sneezes, or talks.

What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of Tuberculosis?

  • Coughing that lasts for more than two weeks.

  • Fever.

  • Night sweats.

  • Weight loss.

  • Fatigue.

  • Chest pain.

How Is Tuberculosis Diagnosed In A Kid?

  • Chest x-ray.

  • Skin test.

  • Sputum test.

  • Blood test.

What Is The Treatment For Tuberculosis?

  • Combination of antibiotics for a minimum of six months.

  • Practical Home Care For Tuberculosis Infected Children

  • Good hygiene practices.

  • Nutritious diet.

  • Enough rest.

  • Keeping the child away from others until the child is no longer contagious.

  • Natural Remedies for Tuberculosis Infected Children

  • Garlic, ginger, and turmeric can help alleviate symptoms, but should be used alongside conventional treatment and under the guidance of a healthcare professional.

Tuberculosis Prevention for Kids

  • Good hygiene practices.

  • Nutritious diet.

  • Good ventilation.

  • Identifying and treating infected individuals in the community.

When to Consult With Your Doctor

  • If you suspect your child has tuberculosis or if the child has been in contact with someone with active tuberculosis.

  • If the child shows any symptoms of tuberculosis.

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